The age of reform essay

In all, the historical moment was unkind to the Indians, as some of the values that in fact did sustain the growth and prosperity of the United States were the same ones that worked against any live-and-let-live arrangement between the original Americans and the newcomers.

Now, 30 years later, Clay again pressed a compromise on the country, supported dramatically by the aging Daniel Webster and by moderates in and out of the Congress.

The Age of Reformation

The new church spread in Germany and Scandinavia, especially among princes and people who hoped for a greater degree of freedom. Beginning as a reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church, the Reformation ultimately led to freedom of dissent.

Schools were began to teach kids while they were young. The end of the Thirty Years War brought some stabilization, but the force of the Reformation did not end.

On the Continent, divisions within the Protestant churches served to forward the Counter Reformation, which rewon some territory for Catholicism. The urban scene during the Progressive era, as argued by Hofstadter, provided little support for the Progressive movement because immigrants cared not for reforms but for democracy in general.

The Age of Reform Essay

Library of Congress, Washington, D. The first was its sectional appeal, rather than national. Support of reform movements The existence of many reform movements did not mean that a vast number of Americans supported them.

Calvinistic thought was, however, strong in England, and it influenced later reforms.

So when, as one observer noted, almost every American had a plan for the universal improvement of society in his pocket, every other American was likely to be aware of it.

Polk succeeded in getting the British to negotiate a treaty whereby the Oregon country south of the 49th parallel would revert to the United States.

Hofstadter adequately avoided bias on either side. By joining with the Democratic campaign of on silver, Populists lost political ground.

The importance of these and the other movements derived neither from their size nor from their achievements. America saw they needed to employ higher principles to gain advantages of their greatest physical, intellectual, and ethical education in order to be a gre Indulgences - in the Roman Catholic Church a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution.

Reformists have an interesting relationship with wars in that the aftermath of war is usually a time of conservatism, as was the case after World War Iwhich heralded the death of Progressivism. The key concept he introduces is "the agrarian myth," the representation of the homage Americans have paid to the subsistence, innocent, and yeoman farmer of old.

Next came publicity through organizational newspapers, which were easy to found on small amounts of capital and sweat. Not that religious enthusiasm was invariably identified with social uplift; many reformers were more concerned with saving souls than with curing social ills.

Some reforms were more popular than others, but by and large none of the major movements had mass followings. The Progressive journalists multiplied as new styles of magazines appeared. Those opposed to the spread of slavery or simply not in favour of the institution joined abolitionists in discerning a proslavery policy in the Mexican-American War.

Passionately advocated and resisted with equal intensity, it appeared as late as the s to be a failure in politics. His newspaper, The Liberatorlived up to its promise that it would not equivocate in its war against slavery. The New Deal had no set plans of reform; it was a chaotic experiment.

As the events in the California gold fields showed beginning inmany people had things other than political principles on their minds. Old Progressive woes were ignored. The next major reform movement was Progressivism.

Even some of the fighters for immigration restriction who belonged to the Know-Nothing Party had the same aim—namely, to preserve jobs for the native-born. The ideas and beliefs throughout the reform moves greatly expanded the democratic ideals.

Temperance was one, probably because it invoked lasting values—moralism, efficiency, and health. The preparation for the movement was long and there had been earlier calls for reform, e.

The Cherokee, under the guidance of their outstanding statesman Sequoyahhad even developed a written language and were establishing U. There is not yet agreement as to why a rage for reform erupted in the antebellum decades.

It was a slightly different story in the Southeast, where the so-called Five Civilized Tribes the ChickasawCherokeeCreekChoctawand Seminole peoples were moving toward assimilation. They not only understood how to navigate the new bureaucracy by creating symbiotic relationships between government, education, and business but also pressed through "reforms" that did away with the old "local" way of doing business by enacting civil service reforms replacing elected officials with appointed "experts.

Others rejected the private enterprise model and looked to a reorganization of society on cooperative rather than competitive lines. There was almost no resistance, except for the Sauk and Fox uprising led by Black Hawk the Black Hawk War in and put down by local militia whose ranks included a young Abraham Lincoln.

Life might have been cruel and harsh on the frontier, but there was a strong belief that the human condition was sure to change for the better: Actually it was not. The movement, and its fruit, Protestantism, has continued to exert influence to the present day, with its emphasis on personal responsibility and individual freedom, its refusal to take authority for granted, and its influence in breaking the hold of the church upon life and the consequent secularization of life and attitudes.The Age of Reformation The Age of Reformation - religious revolution in Western Europe in the 16th cent.

Beginning as a reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church, the Reformation ultimately led to freedom of dissent.4/4(1). Free Essay: American reform movements in the early to mid ’s strived at improving our developing society.

America was growing larger, and with. Free Essay: The Age of Reform throughout was a great turning point for American society. The ideas and beliefs throughout the reform movements.

It is the historian Richard Hofstadter's thesis that the leading themes of the Populist movement were: an idea of agrarian dominance, a concept of natural harmonies, the belief in a social class struggle, a fear of conspiracy, and anti-Semitism.

The first major theme of the Populists was an idea of 4/4(2). Feb 01,  · The Age of Reform during has been a terrific turning point for American society.

The ideas and beliefs throughout the reform moves greatly expanded the democratic ideals.5/5(91). United States - An age of reform: Historians have labeled the period –50 an “age of reform.” At the same time that the pursuit of the dollar was becoming so frenzied that some observers called it the country’s true religion, tens of thousands of Americans joined an array of movements dedicated to spiritual and secular uplift.

There is not yet agreement as to why a rage for reform.

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The age of reform essay
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