One may therefore conclude that the function is the contribution of the institution to the maintenance and survival of the society, in a positive or negative way. Functionalism and Marxism may be summed up together with to main points. The apparent differences between the Marxist and Functionalist perspectives are not as conflicting as it would first appear.
There would be no new force of production but the relations of production will be transformed. Marxism and Functionalism may similarly be criticised for grouping up society too much. We see that functionalists believe that the majority of the population must share the same values for there to be integration and so social solidarity, this leading to an order in society, where every action becomes predictable due to the five elements mentioned above.
It is interesting how Functionalists see people as unequal a positive thing and Marxists believe it a negative one. Therefore there must be some kind of value consensus and understanding as for society to survive and evolve there must be cooperation.
These institutions have interconnected roles and interrelated norms to form a complete system. Integration between the parts is necessary so therefor A comparison of the functionalist and marxist perspectives is a functional prerequisites in itself.
Functionalism also mentions the importance of studying the effect of these various parts on society as a whole, just like it is important to know what effect the liver has on an organism.
The superstructure is everything in society besides the economy. Both the functionalist and the Marxist perspectives place emphasis on society as something which influence an individual as opposed to the interpretivists or social action perspective put forward by Weber.
The whole has greater power than the individual parts. More essays like this: Functionalists believe that we do not really have any freedom of choice in our lives as they are affected by an institution, all of which put together form a social structure and impose certain decisions on us through a pattern of behaviour which is structured through norms and values.
Marx identifies the imbalance of power between the two, the advancement in technology from a functionalist view is seen as an advantage, however Marx believed it led to an imbalance of power between those who owned the means of production and the urbanisation of the workers to sell their labour.
The wages of the workers are not equivalent to the wealth they produce and so the ruling class was exploiting and oppressing the working class.
Functionalism, on the other hand, threats people too much like puppets, held on a string, as everyone has to do things according to their roles, and no one has any choice to make as the pressures made on them by society are too strong to be overcome.
Functionalism views society like a biological organism.
The third element, function, builds on the second element, in that it explains how the structure functions. The ruling class produces the dominant ideas in society.
Although very similar the two are different in very distinct ways, in fact Functionalism falls under the sub-heading of consensus structuralism, while Marxism falls under the sub-heading of conflict structuralism.
Fredrich Engels also contributed to development the works. Functionalism is based on consensus whereas Marxism is based on the notion of conflict.
Marxism relates class not to income or family like functionalism does, instead it is measured on how much land, machinery The similarities and differences of the two opposing though similar theories will be discuss throughout this essay.
A subject like sociology has to be studied through a whole range of perspectives and should not be restricted by the margins of t he structuralist approach.
There are five main elements which outline the views of functionalism and tell us exactly what functionalists believe. A society that would have complete equality. The manipulation and inhumane use of workers led to capitalism, which was an ideology where anyone who was willing to take a risk could make profit.
Marxism was founded by a German philosopher, economist and sociologist, Karl Marx. They both believe in a structure, something external, which influences people and makes them behave in a certain way and they both generalise, dividing society into groups rather than focusing on the individual.
Functionalism fails to recognise social change, contrasting to Marxism which recognises and aspires to it. Marxism underestimated the resilience of Capitalism, for example, Americas tragedy on the 11th September The parts or institutions of the organism or society function appropriately to ensure the whole structure works efficiently and effectively.
The perspective tries to understand how to overcome societies problems by looking back over history and learning from past mistakes. From a functionalist perspective, the main parts of society its institutions such as education, religion and the family are the foundations for social structure.
It involves the production process, where the bourgeoisie, who own the means of production, employ the proletariat, the working class, paying them very low salaries, for very long working hours. Functionalism provided a static view of society.
Man needs to produce food, materials, etc The person s who had the most means of production are the ruling class. The antithesis and the thesis would then combine to form a synthesis, a kind of middle road between the two, under which the society would agree to live. In this analogy functionalists sustain that since society, like the body is made of different but equally important parts, it is important to study each part in detail on its own, just like a biologist does when studying an organism.
It is a difference view from the post-modernist perspective which argues that society is fragmented and unstructured.A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society There is a division between functionalists and Marxists over the functions of the.
A Comparison of Marxist View with Functionalist View Essay of the Functionalist and Marxist perspectives on religion.
_____ “Religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.” Sociologist study religion as both a belief system and a social institution. A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Understanding of the Role of Education in Society Functionalist theories assume the different parts of a society each have their own role to play (their own "function"), and work together smoothly in order to form a harmonious whole (macro).
There are several perspectives on the sociology of education that are important. The two perspectives which are going to be looked at are Functionalism and Marxism. A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society There is a division between functionalists and Marxists over the functions of the society.
Marxism was founded by. Compare Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives essaysCompare and Contrast Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives Sociology is a systematic way of studying the social world.
It seeks to discover the causes and affects of intercommunication and interaction that arise in social relations. "The. Jun 25, · Compare and Contrast the Functionalist and Marxist views of Society. Updated on November 3, Compare and Contrast the Functionalist and Marxist views of Society Both the functionalist and the Marxist perspectives place emphasis on society as something which influence an individual as opposed to the interpretivists or Reviews: 1.Download